Barnes, Jonathan. 1972 (First published 1925). Berlin: W. de Gruyter. Friedrich Nietzsche (the philosopher), who published a pioneering study of Diogenes Laertius early in his short, brilliant, career as a classical philologist, suggested calling them "Pre-Platonic," since their works, along with the words of Socrates, survive only in quotations, whereas Plato was the first to leave a substantial body of surviving work. His reputation is controversial among scholars because he often repeats information from his sources without critically evaluating it. Alle diogenes citaten, wijsheden, quotes en uitspraken vindt u nu al 20 jaar op citaten.net. [5] The modern form "Diogenes Laertius" is much rarer, used by Stephanus of Byzantium,[6] and in a lemma to the Greek Anthology. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Dīogénēs Lāértios; fl. We will use the email address you provide to send you daily and/or weekly emails (depending on your selection). [23] Strozier concludes, "Diogenes Laertius is, when he does not conflate hundreds of years of distinctions, reliable simply because he is a less competent thinker than those on whom he writes, is less liable to re-formulate statements and arguments, and especially in the case of Epicurus, less liable to interfere with the texts he quotes. R.D. Nietzsche and Diogenes laertius. Diogenes Laërtius (Oudgrieks: Διογένης Λαέρτιος, Diogénes Laértios) was een Griekstalig biograaf, vermoedelijk uit het begin van de 3e eeuw na Chr. 1986. The text is accompanied by a full critical apparatus on three levels. Request removal from index. Citation Information. "Nietzsche and Diogenes Laertius. For Friedrich Nietzsche – steeped in the Classics – the Cynics, and the much later account of them in the gossipy collection of anecdotes The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes Laertius (no relation to Diogenes of Sinope), were attractive material long before he parted company with an academic career to practise a more abrasive public philosophy of his own. This is a wonderful edition, brilliantly translated, with a helpful introduction and accompanying set of essays by first-rate scholars. Take this brief extract on the shortcomings of other artists, philosophical and literary-poetic: The sneering litany takes to fresh extremes Nietzsche’s earlier gestures in the way of ridiculing, castigating and mocking philosophers and public moralists across a sweeping panoply from Socrates to Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Ionian Philosophy and Italic Philosophy: From Diogenes Laertius to Diels. A “perfect ass”—“asinus germanus”—one nineteenth-century scholar called him. ... 1978). by Diogenes Laertius Diogenes Laertius, Translated by Pamela Mensch, and Edited by James Miller. 3rd c. ad)Greek biographer. ", Long, Anthony A. Cambridge. Cambridge; New York : Cambridge University Press. An “ignoramus,” declared the twentieth-century classicist Werner Jaeger. Nothing is known about his life, but his surviving Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers is a principal source for the history of Greek philosophy. Cynicism here assists the combative energy of the prose, as it lashes out against all authorities. Cambridge. "Diogenes Laertius IX 61–116: The Philosophy of Pyrrhonism." “Dim-witted,” said Nietzsche. A disputed passage in his writings has been used to suggest that it was Nicaea in Bithynia. Numerous philosophers, public moralists, literary writers and cultural critics before and after Nietzsche have played with the possibilities of confrontational philosophic self-fashioning in Diogenes’ image, but the depth and extent of his intellectual engagement were unusual. 23 likes. Oil sketch on cardboard by Hans Olde. Like the ventriloquisation audible in the ‘primeval blunder’ – ‘whatever harms me is something evil’ – the ventriloquisation of a more modern ‘shame’ asks to be read at one remove as irony, or worthy of our irony. Sources of Diogenes Laertius, was originally composed in German and then tr anslated into the required Latin. Frank Freeman. 2: 36.5–6. Diogenes Laertius "Peri biōn, dogmatōn kai apophthegmatōn tōn en philosophiāi endokimēsantōn" by Ambrogio Traversari circa 1430 A.D. Screen shot of Latin translation of Diogenes Laertius as reproduced by National Library of Florence, Italy (Digital Archives) Licentie. [21] In the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, however, scholars have managed to partially redeem Diogenes Laertius's reputation as a writer by reading his book in a Hellenistic literary context. “Dim-witted,” said Nietzsche. At one point, he even seems to refer to the Pyrrhonists as "our school. Hardcover, 720 pages, $45. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (/ ˈ n iː tʃ ə, ˈ n iː tʃ i /; German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈniːtʃə] or [ˈniːtsʃə]; 15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, and philologist whose work has exerted a profound influence on modern intellectual history. Don’t lanterns have to be lit in the morning?’. Isn’t night and more night coming again and again? Readings in Ethics offers a vast collection of carefully edited readings arranged chronologically across five historical periods. 2: 36.5–6. The ancient manuscripts invariably refer to a "Laertius Diogenes", and this form of the name is repeated by Sopater[4] and the Suda. Jonathan Barnes. 2 Bergk. Jonathan Barnes. [7] He is also referred to as "Laertes"[8] or simply "Diogenes". An “ignoramus,” declared the twentieth-century classicist Werner Jaeger. Long before our own day of self-help books offering twelve-step programs and other guides to attain happiness, the philosophers of ancient Greece explored the riddle of what makes a life worth living, producing a wide variety of ideas and examples to follow. MARCELLO GIGANTE (1994). Diogenes divides his subjects into two "schools" which he describes as the Ionian/Ionic and the Italian/Italic; the division is somewhat dubious and appears to be drawn from the lost doxography of Sotion. Diogenes Laertius This otherwise unknown Roman author is thought to have lived at the beginning of the third century during the reign of Sextius. Diogenes and his ilk understood ‘self-overcoming’ as an ascetic practice of toughness in the face of deprivation, but had no concept of transformative ‘self-overcoming’ and none of the finer apprehension of art that distinguishes a ‘noble’ spirit. It is in this sense that we might best understand what it means for Nietzsche to be emulating Diogenes ‘a little bit’, seeking a practice of philosophy that would ‘make do’ with less. National Endowment for the Humanities Division of Preservation and Access provided support for entering this text. Diogenes of Sinope (412 – 323 BCE) also known as Diogenes the Cynic, was born in Sinope, an Ionian colony in what is today North Turkey on the Black Sea.He is not Diogenes Laertius, the biographer of philosophers we have heard much from, nor is he several different Diogenes who … "Diogenes Laertius, Life of Arcesilaus." / Lemm, Vanessa / Heit, Helmut / Zittel, Claus DIOGENES LAËRTIUS (or Laërtius Diogenes), the biographer of the Greek philosophers, is supposed by some to have received his surname from the town of Laërte in Cilicia, and by others from the Roman family of the Laërtii.Of the circumstances of his life we know nothing. 1986. We will retain your information for as long as needed in light of the purposes for which is was obtained or to comply with our legal obligations and enforce our agreements. Buy Lives of the Eminent Philosophers: by Diogenes Laertius by Mensch, Pamela, Miller, James online on Amazon.ae at best prices. The main difficulty of interpretation here attaches to the metaphoric scope of ‘debasement’. "Diogenes Laertius IX 61–116: The Philosophy of Pyrrhonism." 2007. Philosophically inept as Diogenes Laertius is (a biographical gossip, at long historical remove), the anecdotalism preserves the ‘spirit’ of Cynic philosophy in a way that escapes abstraction and systematisation. Read More Inspire your inbox – Sign up for daily fun facts about this day in history, updates, and special offers. He passionately defends Epicurus[15] in Book 10, which is of high quality and contains three long letters attributed to Epicurus explaining Epicurean doctrines. ↑ Ib. Photo Goethe-Nationalmuseum, Weimar/AKG. ↑ Fr. Diogenes Laertius, native of Laerte in Cilicia, was a biographer of ancient Greek philosophers. A “perfect ass”—“asinus germanus”—one nineteenth-century scholar called him. [20] Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) criticized Diogenes Laërtius for his lack of philosophical talent and categorized his work as nothing more than a compilation of previous writers' opinions. No physical or electronic security system is impenetrable however and you should take your own precautions to protect the security of any personally identifiable information you transmit. An “ignoramus,” declared the twentieth-century classicist Werner Jaeger. Later in The Gay Science, Nietzsche clarifies what is at issue. The email address/es you provide will be transferred to our external marketing automation service ‘MailChimp’ for processing in accordance with their. Diogenes Laërtius, (flourished 3rd century ce), Greek author noted for his history of Greek philosophy, the most important existing secondary source of knowledge in the field.One of its traditional titles, Peri biōn dogmatōn kai apophthegmatōn tōn en philosophia eudokimēsantōn (“Lives, Teachings, and Sayings of Famous Philosophers”), indicates its great scope. In ‘Diogenes Laertius and Nietzsche’, Glenn W. Most recalls heated debates surrounding the Lives in the nineteenth century, a particularly febrile period in German classical scholarship. The aim, Leiter concludes, is ‘critical not positive’. "Encyclopaedias of Virtue? In Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung. Human, All Too Human, Beyond Good and Evil, the first edition of The Gay Science, but also The Wanderer and His Shadow (1880), Daybreak: Thoughts on the Prejudices of Morality (1881) and On the Genealogy of Morality (1887): all these texts make extensive play with Cynicism’s characteristic move, the ‘debasement’ of conventional morality. This is a wonderful edition, brilliantly translated, with a helpful introduction and accompanying set of essays by first-rate scholars. Maar zijn werk is befaamd. [18] The Italian Renaissance scholar, painter, philosopher, and architect Leon Battista Alberti (1404–1472) borrowed from Traversari's translation of the Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers in Book 2 of his Libri della famiglia[18] and modeled his own autobiography on Diogenes Laërtius's Life of Thales. This Email Newsletter Privacy Statement pertains to the personally identifying information you voluntarily submit in the form of your email address to receive our email newsletters. [17], In addition to the Lives, Diogenes was the author of a work in verse on famous men, in various metres, which he called Epigrammata or Pammetros (Πάμμετρος).[3]. However, unlike many other ancient secondary sources, Diogenes Laërtius generally reports philosophical teachings without attempting to reinterpret or expand on them, which means his accounts are often closer to the primary sources. Export citation. Courtesy the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Władysławowo beach, Poland, August 2020. / Lemm, Vanessa / Heit, Helmut / Zittel, Claus Striking though the revival of the Cynic figure is, what might impress a reader with equal force is how stylistically unlike the original scene Nietzsche’s version of it is. Nothing is definitively known about his life, but his surviving Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers is a principal source for the history of ancient Greek philosophy. [3], The precise form of his name is uncertain. The anecdotal focus is on a single event, with a narrative delivery that suggests word-of-mouth transmission of matter of general public interest (‘Haven’t you heard …?’) Nietzsche also retains the distinctive mix of a whiff of philosophical scandal with an element of comedy that puts in question quite how much that sense of scandal is warranted, and what its presence might tell us about the conditions in which the Cynic issues his challenge to conventional moral thought. Or rather, the crazy man demands attention to what should have followed from that realisation, since the realisation itself is hardly news. National Endowment for the Humanities Division of Preservation and Access provided support for entering this text. The modern form "Diogenes Laertius" is much rarer, used by Stephanus of Byzantium, and in a lemma to the Greek Anthology. The best relationship the ‘higher man’ can have with Cynicism, then, will be strategic: there are ‘real short-cuts and aids’ here ‘to make his work easier’, Nietzsche suggests, while remaining on the lookout for the inevitable betrayal of its limitations: Be on your guard, in short: Cynicism is the operative mode of people who deal too much with ‘the average man’, and have learned to ‘recognise the animal, the commonplace, the “norm” within themselves’: strategically deployed, their ‘honesty’ might be of use. What looks like virtue or like morally motivated behaviour is ‘devalued’ in the sense that its conventional value is compromised or ‘adulterated’ (as the underlying allusion to Diogenes of Sinope’s alleged adulteration of the Sinopean coinage encourages us to conceive of things). Her most recent book is The Value of the Humanities (2013). Diogenes Laërtius divides the philosophy of the Greeks into the Ionic, beginning with Anaximander, and ending with Theophrastus (in which class, he includes the Socratic philosophy and all its various ramifications); and the Italian, beginning with Pythagoras, and ending with Epicurus, in which he includes the Eleatics, as also Heraclitus and the Sceptics. Some features of the classical text remain. The shortcomings of the classical sources are an advantage here, rather than something to be regretted. 54:570-483. Stephanus of Byzantium refers to him as "Διογένης ὁ Λαερτιεύς" (Diogenes ho Laertieus),[10] implying that he was the native of some town, perhaps the Laerte in Caria (or another Laerte in Cilicia). ", Eshleman, Kendra Joy. The charge of ‘murder’ (in which he includes himself) silences the mockery, but it is far from clear what response beyond silence could be satisfactory at this point. This is a wonderful edition, brilliantly translated, with a helpful introduction and accompanying set of essays by first-rate scholars. There emerges a compelling account of the importance of Diogenes in the development of the influential method of Quellenforschung. Nietzsche and Diogenes laertius. Tidak ada yang diketahui soal hidupnya, tetapi karya buatannya Kehidupan dan Pendapat Filsuf-filsuf Tersohor menjadi sumber utama untuk sejarah filsafat Yunani kuno. "Diogenes Laertius, Biographer of Philosophy." (PDF) Nietzsches Preplatonic Philosophers: Diogenes Laërtius, ‘Personality,’ and the ‘Succession’ of Anaxagoras | Babette Babich - Academia.edu Scholars typically discount Nietzsche's value for contemporary studies of Greek antiquity and this is done from both the perspective of Classics as of Ancient Philosophy. He must have lived after Sextus Empiricus (c. A.D. 200), whom he mentions, and before Stephanus of Byzantium (c. The most important question one can ask of so strategic a Cynicism, finally, is not ‘How far does it go?’, but ‘Where does it stop?’ It stops (or should stop) at the point where the complacency it targets has been dislodged – which means that it must be hyper-alert to the danger that Cynicism itself (old, well-recognised, liable to become more an object of affection and comic interest than shock or distaste) risks being not a tool but a gimmick. Hij heeft 82 biografieën van antieke filosofen geschreven die buitengewoon lezenswaardig zijn. 1986. He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy. A “perfect ass”—“asinus germanus”—one nineteenth-century scholar called him. In his lyric moods he wrote “perhaps the worst verses ever published,” an … Nietzsche-Studien 15 (1):16 (1986) Abstract This article has no associated abstract. 30,00 € / $42.00 / £23.00. (That resentment itself is an acknowledgement of debt is, of course, a thoroughly Nietzschean insight.). He gets no respect. The Cynic Diogenes of Sinope appears in Nietzsche’s The Gay Science (1882) as der tolle Mensch (‘the crazy man’) who proclaims the death of God; it is a canonical scene of modern philosophy: The drama of the madman performs a serio-comic riff upon The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers: ‘He [Diogenes of Sinope] lit a lamp in full daylight and walked around with it, saying: “I’m searching for a man”.’ Sometimes more loosely translated as ‘searching for an honest man’, the words are a challenge and potentially an affront to all who hear them. Search. Enlightenment skepticism has been around a long time. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) on his sickbed, 1899. He is criticized primarily for being overly concerned with superficial details of the philosophers' lives and lacking the intellectual capacity to explore their actual philosophical works with any penetration. Should there be any doubt, as Niehues-Pröbsting notes, Beyond Good and Evil (1886) clears it up: Nietzsche is eloquent, there, about the limits of Cynic self-fashioning. Lives of the Eminent Philosophers: by Diogenes Laertius: Mensch, Pamela, Miller, James: 9780190862176: Books - Amazon.ca Libro de la vita de philosophi et delle loro elegantissime sentencie. Cynicism, he warns, is a kind of clowning, ‘the only form in which base souls approach what is called honesty’. [12], His home town is unknown (at best uncertain, even according to a hypothesis that Laertius refers to his origin). It is in the nature of cynicism, both the ancient kind and its modern derivatives (where psychology has as much to say about it as philosophy), that the identifications it provokes tend to be reluctant, ironic and partial. 3. Diogenes of Sinope (c404-323 BCE) and his followers claimed independence from conventional material desires and the normal turmoil of emotional life. "Diogenes Laertius and the Transmission of Greek Philosophy." Fast and free shipping free returns cash on … Like “Why not whip the teacher when the student misbehaves?” ― Diogenes 19 likes. There emerges a compelling account of the importance of Diogenes in the development of the influential method of Quellenforschung. Diogenes Laertius (3rd cn. Enlightenment skepticism has been around a long time. The Socratic school, with its various branches, is classed with the Ionic, while the Eleatics and Pyrrhonists are treated under the Italic. Diogenes Laërtius (/ d aɪ ˌ ɒ dʒ ɪ n iː z l eɪ ˈ ɜːr ʃ i ə s / dy-OJ-in-eez lay-UR-shee-əs; Greek: Διογένης Λαέρτιος, translit. This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 23:07. Poor Diogenes Laertius. 1992. When Human, All Too Human, tells us, for example, that ‘good’ and ‘evil’ are just the names we have learned to give to the operation of power (‘He who has the power to requite, good with good, evil with evil … is called good; he who is powerless and cannot requite counts as bad’), or when Beyond Good and Evil tells us that: ‘In the final analysis, “love of one’s neighbour” is always something secondary … in relation to fear of the neighbour’, they are performing classic Cynic manoeuvres. Nietzsche makes abundantly clear that Cynicism cannot be the light by which we guide ourselves. However, according to statements of the 14th-century monk Walter Burley in his De vita et moribus philosophorum, the text of Diogenes seems to have been much fuller than that which we now possess. “Dim-witted,” said Nietzsche. ‘Aren’t we straying as though through an infinite nothing?’ asks the crazy man; ‘Isn’t empty space breathing at us? Diogenes Laertius furnishes us with the only virtual encyclopedia of phi-losophy which has survived from the ancient world, even though figures such as Seneca, Lucretius, and Cicero are not mentioned. We have taken reasonable measures to protect information about you from loss, theft, misuse or unauthorised access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. ‘What really are our reactions to the behaviour of someone in our presence?’, Daybreak asks: In a much-quoted closing flourish that is often made into a kind of epigraph for the entire genealogical project, Daybreak pronounces: ‘O pudenda origo!’ (‘Oh shameful origin!’) of morality. Will a sense of meaning help us? But where does its usefulness to Nietzsche stop? [18] Werner Jaeger (1888–1961) damned him as "that great ignoramus". "Affection and Affiliation: Social Networks and Conversion to Philosophy.". In his lyric moods he wrote “perhaps the worst verses ever published,” an … Friedrich Nietzsche never referred to Diogenes in any of his work. This looks very like a problematic appeal to something not just more ‘primitive’ but in some sense more ‘natural’ – and Nietzsche does indeed seem to be offering a kind of naturalistic psychology as a basis for understanding our investment in morality. Lives of the Eminent Philosophers: by Diogenes Laertius eBook: Laertius, Diogenes, Miller, James, Mensch, Pamela: Amazon.ca: Kindle Store His work makes no mention of Neoplatonism, even though it is addressed to a woman who was "an enthusiastic Platonist". The neo-Cynic affront lies not in the debasement of long-lost metaphysical certainties, but in a fresh insistence that destruction of the old basis for morality raises urgent consequences about how to live now. The first complete English translation in nearly a century ; Includes essays by leading experts inlcuding James Romm, Anthony Grafton, Ingrid Rowland, and others ; Lavishly illustrated with full color reproductions of artworks "Diogenes Laertius and the Chreia Tradition. She lives in Oxford. Oxford University Press, 2018. Poor Diogenes Laertius. That is: against the tenacity of inherited morality and against any claim that he, the philosopher, might want to make to avoid error and afford a value perspective that we could call ‘true’. The repeated invoking of ‘shameful origins’ rhetorically assists that purpose: it ‘brings a feeling of diminution in value of the thing that originated thus and prepares the way to a critical mood and attitude toward it’. Herbert S. Long warns: "Diogenes has acquired an importance out of all proportion to his merits because the loss of many primary sources and of the earlier secondary compilations has accidentally left him the chief continuous source for the history of Greek philosophy. A “perfect ass”—“asinus germanus”—one nineteenth-century scholar called him. [18] Hermann Usener (1834–1905) deplored Diogenes Laërtius as a "complete ass" (asinus germanus) in his Epicurea (1887). Dīogénēs Lāértios; fl. He must have lived after Sextus Empiricus (c. A.D. 200), whom he mentions, and before Stephanus of Byzantium (c. Diogenes Laertius. Due to the loss of so many of the primary sources on which Diogenes relied, his work has become the foremost surviving source on the history of Greek philosophy. "How to Kill a Philosopher: The Narrating of Ancient Greek Philosophers' Deaths in Relation to the Living. The broad parameters, then, are largely consistent, but the paragraph is, in Robert Pippin’s phrasing in Nietzsche, Psychology, and First Philosophy (2010) ‘quite mysterious’ as Diogenes Laertius’ account of the lamp lit in the morning light is not. Revealing work has been done on Nietzsche’s early philological studies of the texts of Diogenes Laertius; much has been said too about his attraction to the French moralistes who placed themselves in the Cynic tradition, including François de La Rochefoucauld, Nicolas Chamfort and Jean de La Bruyère. "[22] Robert M. Strozier offers a somewhat more positive assessment of Diogenes Laertius's reliability, noting that many other ancient writers attempt to reinterpret and expand on the philosophical teachings they describe, something which Diogenes Laërtius rarely does. Beiträge zur Quellenkunde und Kritik des Laertius Diogenes .... [Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche] Home. Hicks. Diogenes Laertius swallows all this as true; modern criticism rejects it all as forgery. (? This is a wonderful edition, brilliantly translated, with a helpful introduction and accompanying set of essays by first-rate scholars. More generally, when visiting the Aeon site you should refer to our site Privacy Policy here. Become a Friend of Aeon to save articles and enjoy other exclusive benefits, Aeon email newsletters are issued by the not-for-profit, registered charity Aeon Media Group Ltd (Australian Business Number 80 612 076 614). 2007. And what did his philosophy hope to gain, and risk losing, by it? Diogenes Laërtius als persoon is een grote onbekende. This edition presents a radically improved text of Diogenes Laertius' Lives of Eminent Philosophers. Nietzsche was unrelentingly scathing about the poverty and stupidity of The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, on which he had expended so much philological labour: this is a ‘stupid’, ‘impudent’, ‘imprudent’, ‘wretched’, ‘careless’, ‘vain’, ‘pretentious’ author. An “ignoramus,” declared the twentieth-century classicist Werner Jaeger. In, Sassi, Maria Michela. Nietzsche’s Diogenes is simultaneously incisive and ridiculous, and this, Small argues, is in no way accidental. 3rd century AD) was a biographer of the Greek philosophers. 2013. Diogenes Laërtius (/daɪˈɒdʒɪniːz leɪˈɜːrʃiəs/; Greek: Διογένης Λαέρτιος, Diogenēs Laertios; fl. When you receive the information, if you think any of it is wrong or out of date, you can ask us to change or delete it for you. His work on: Life and Doctrines of Eminent Philosophers Spanned over three centuries, from Thales (640BC-545BC) to Epicurus (342BC-270BC), the most important historical personalities, some of them well known, but others more obscure to me. In, Mansfeld, Jaap. Hegel thought that how a philosopher lived was… We will try and respond to your request as soon as reasonably practical. Diogenes Laertius. Vol. We also send occasional donation requests and, no more than once a year, reader surveys. During the Leipzig years, Nietzsche’s first, or major philosophical awakening came with his discovery of Schopenhauer, whose philosophy would present entire new perspectives of viewing the world and leave him with many striking questions. Classical Quarterlyno. 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