Sassafras tree grows well in dry, sandy soil, in full sun or light shade in the afternoon. Through root cuttings and by seed is the best way to propagate the Sassafras. Sow one sassafras seed in each pot at a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 inch. The digital materials (images and text) available from the UConn Plant Database are protected by copyright. may propagate sassafras trees. Transplant the saplings into a permanent bed in autumn after the first rain. Sassafras Sassafras albidum Laurel family (Lauraceae) Description: This tree is typically 30-60' tall with trunks 1-2' across, although specimens up to 100' with even wider trunks occasionally occur. The genus is distinguished by its aromatic properties, which have made the tree useful to humans. Move the pots to a warm, sheltered area of the garden with light shade and protection from strong wind. It is beautiful as a stand-alone feature in your landscape with yellow flowers in early spring before leaves appear, […] KEYWORDS: Nurseries \ nursery practice \ vegetative propagation \ vegetative propagation \ cuttings root cuttings \ cuttings \ Sassafras albidum U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service: Sassafras Albidum Tips Plant the root cuttings individually in pots filled with a mix of sand, perlite and peat. Herb: Sassafras Latin name: Sassafras albidum Synonyms: Laurus albida, Sassafras officinale, Sassafras sassafras Family: Lauraceae (Laurel Family) Medicinal use of Sassafras: Sassafras has a long history of herbal use. Press the sassafras seeds into the sand so they are completely buried. Noted for its remarkable foliage, Sassafras albidum (Sassafras) is an upright deciduous tree of dense, pyramidal to highly irregular habit with horizontal branches in cloud-like tiers. Photo by Donna L. Long. Public use via the Internet for non-profit and educational purposes is permitted. Lay the seeds to drain on a sheet of paper. Stem cuttings did not root. Stratification for 120 days in moist sand at 5° C (41° F) breaks natural dormancy (2). Set the germination mat temperature to 80 F during the day and 60 F at night. Pick off any clinging pieces of flesh and rinse seeds thoroughly. The waxy, glossy leaves produce an aromatic mucilage. Sassafras Sassafras albidum A captivating, native North American tree known for its brilliant display of autumn foliage and aromatic smell. Propagation is by seed or root cuttings. see more; Family Lauraceae . The specific epithet, albidum, refers to the light or whitish color of the undersides of leaves. Gather sassafras seeds in autumn or winter when the fruit ripens to a solid, dark purplish-blue. The sassafras is a known host plant for Tiger and Spicebush Swallowtail butterflies and several moths. Mature trees can grow wide and large so grow them at least 15 to 20 feet away from buildings or other large objects. Of several types of root cutting, those with a live stem shoot planted vertically, or large root cuttings planted horizontally, gave the best results. It was discovered by Glastonbury, CT by Mark Sutcliffe recently and has not … Seal the bag and store it in a refrigerator for about four months. With their fragrant foliage and textured bark, sassafras trees (Sassafras albidum) add year-round interest to landscaping in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 to 9. Sassafras has been in use for centuries by the Cherokee, Chippewa, Creek, Delaware, Iroquois, Seminole, and other Native American tribes within the East Coast range of the tree (Moerman 2011; Hamel & Chiltoskey 1975). Sassafras plant material was long drunk as a tasty tea, especially as an herbal remedy for … It can be grown in U.S. Hardiness Zones 6 to 8. Sassafras albidum is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a medium rate. Sassafras (Sassafras albidum) is an admirable tree any time of the year.Native to most of the eastern United States as well as far southern Ontario, sassafras is a medium-sized (typically 30 to 60 feet [9 to 18 meters] tall) deciduous tree with an attractive tiered branching habit. Seeds may be gathered when the fruits turn a dark blue. Sassafras albidum spreads primarily from root suckers, as does the ubiquitous black locust, Robinia pseudoacacia, and the understory-dwelling pawpaw, Asimina triloba. Turn off the germination mat and crack open the cold frame once the sassafras seeds sprout. The trees can develop a variety of insect and disease problems that are generally not serious. Sassafras (Sassafras albidum). Transplant the sassafras seedlings into 1-gallon pots filled with acidic potting soil once they grow to 2 inches tall and produce a pair of mature leaves. Sassafras is not only an aromatic, but it has long been a traditional flavoring. Difficult to propagate and establish, sassafras is hard to find in nurseries but makes a fine shade tree with outstanding autumn coloration. Seedling Development- Sassafras seed usually remains dormant until spring, although some early maturing seed may germinate in fall. The Common Sassafras is a beautiful small to medium tree of the Laurel Family. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: The leaves may turn yellow while veins remain green (chlorosis) in alkaline soils. Cut off the bottom of the starter pot and plant it whole to keep from disturbing the taproot. The red-brown bark is deeply furrowed and ridged. Water until the sand feels moderately moist in the top 2 inches. 'Birch Mountain' - This unusual mutation features leaves that are marbled with irregular patterns of white variegation. Seeds should be cleaned and stored at cool temperatures where they will last for up to two years. Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 20, 2018 8:44 PM. Sassafras is an ornamental tree and most suitable to grow in backyards. Sassafras albidum is very cold-hardy when dormant, tolerating temperatures down to around -20°c, The young plant, however, and also the young shoots of older trees, are much more cold sensitive and can be badly damaged by late spring frosts Fill 4-inch-deep biodegradable starter pots with a mixture of half coarse sand and half sterile potting soil. The species seems to be as hardy as S. albidum. It was widely employed by many native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a wide range of complaints, valuing it especially for its tonic effect upon the body. reaches 40' to 50' tall under some conditions, suckers from the roots and forms thickets, branching is more irregular on mature trees, mittens can have left, right or two thumbs, 0.5" long, held in clusters with red pedicels, fruit quickly eaten by birds or drop off, but red pedicels persist and can be showy, deeply furrowed, forming flat, corky ridges, difficult to establish due to sparse root system, remove root suckers if a single trunk is desired, desirable for fall foliage, showy bark and interesting branching, can make sassafras tea from bark (possible carcinogen), difficult and this limits use of sassafras. Collect several fruits to increase the likelihood of locating healthy, viable seeds. The inconspicuous male and female flowers are carried on separate trees and females can produce showy fruit Details S. albidum … Sassafras albidum. Citation and Acknowledgements: University of Connecticut Plant Database, http://hort.uconn.edu/plants, Mark H. Brand, Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, Storrs, CT 06269-4067 USA. Citation: Baskin, Jerry M.; Baskin, Carol C.. 2002. Sassafras albidum ( Sassafras, White Sassafras, Red Sassafras, or Silky Sassafras) is a species of Sassafras native to eastern North America, from southern Maine and southern Ontario west to Iowa, and south to central Florida and eastern Texas. Diseases California Polytechnic State University; Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute; Sassafras, USDA Forest Service; Woody Plant Seed Manual; Sassafras Albidum, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service; Plant Guide; Sassafras Albidum, University of California; Alameda County Master Gardeners; Your Alameda County Garden Month-by-Month. 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